MAP-21 was signed into law by on July 6, 2012. Funding surface transportation programs at over $105 billion for fiscal years (FY) 2013 and 2014. MAP-21 creates a streamlined and performance-based surface transportation program and builds on many of the highway, transit, bike, and pedestrian programs and policies established in 1991.
The range of funding sources presently available from U.S. Department of Transportation modal administrations to finance traffic safety data improvements is described near the bottom of this page. Funding for such activities is not limited to programs specifically designated as "data" or as "safety" funding. Instead, funding for data improvements can be found in core programs and other established programs not normally thought of as "safety programs".
FHWA funding resource. The Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU), which was signed into law on August 10, 2005, established the Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) as a core Federal-aid program. To learn more click on this link.
Bicycle and pedestrian projects are broadly eligible for funding from almost all the major Federal-aid highway, transit, safety, and other programs. Here is a list of funding resources that are available.
Don't have time to download and look through all of these studies? Download this single page summary overview. It shows conclusions of many of the studies and also has links if you would like to download a study in its entirety.
The study concluded the BlinkerChevron™ DCWGS™ is effective at reducing overall speed and crashes, improving the curve navigation and safety of rural highway curves included in the study.
Embedded Light Emitting Diodes (LED) in signfaces improve safety at intersections by enhancing driver awareness of traffic-control signs.
Implementing safety countermeasures on rural horizontal curves to address speeding can improve the safety performance for those locations. The research conducted for this project will evaluate a Sequential Dynamic Curve Warning System (SDCWS) that could be an additional tool for these engineers to use either separately or in combination with other countermeasures to address horizontal curve locations with a history of safety concerns.
Researchers associated with the Minnesota Traffic Observatory at the University of Minnesota conducted a two-pronged investigation, released in January 2014. The Researchers stated that "arguably the most interesting effect" was "a statistically significant interaction between the presence of opposing traffic and the period after installation of the flashing LED stop sign. That is, drivers who were required to yield to opposing traffic were more likely to stop, compared [to] non-stop, after the flashing LED stop sign was in place."
In an effort to increase pedestrian safety and driver awareness, the Vermont Agency of Transportation (VTRANS) installed both the SmartStud™ and BlinkerSign® Systems. Overall the percentage of traffic that yielded to pedestrians increased after both the Systems were installed. When no system was in place, 56% of traffic yielded. The percent of traffic increased to 76% compliance after the SmartStud™ System was in place. The largest percentage of compliance was witnessed after the BlinkerSign® System was in place with an overall 80% of traffic yielding to the staged pedestrian. The overall percentages are comprised of both directions and crossing scenarios.
According to the District 4 maintenance crew and Traffic Shop personnel, no maintenance has been performed in the 21-month period after installation.
LED Signs Reduce Intersection Blow-Throughs By Over 50 Percent!
Two intersections in Texas, one rural and one urban, were studied using BlinkerStop® flashing red LED (Light-Emitting Diode) stop signs. Overall, the use of stop signs with red flashing LEDs had consistent statistically significant beneficial effects on daytime and nighttime stopping compliance.
Reductions of 34 to 53 percent in the rate of vehicles not-fully stopping (blow-throughs and roll-throughs) were observed. Overall, the total rate of vehicles not fully stopping was reduced from 0.471 to 0.335 (28.9 percent reduction) . The flashing LED stop sign was particularly effective for reducing the rate of vehicles blowing-through the intersection, as the overall rate of occurrence was reduced from 0.051 to 0.024 (52.9 percent).
David Royer, P.E., Consulting Traffic and Highway Engineer
I have had the opportunity to independently review and test the visibility of the BlinkerStop® sign. My review disclosed that the BlinkerStop® sign significantly increased the visibility of the stop sign without affecting the shape, color, or layout of the sign. Its LED technology can be used to enhance the visibility of standard traffic signs and improve highway safety at problem locations without an electric power supply and without requiring installation of special or signal poles with traffic signal head systems.
Motorists often fail to yield right-of-way to pedestrians in crosswalks. Thus, being a pedestrian can be extremely dangerous. During the three-year period of 2004 through the end of 2006 there were a total of 14,340 pedestrian fatalities and 193,000 pedestrian injuries resulting from pedestrian-automobile crashes nation-wide (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration [NHTSA], 2008). Decreasing the occurrence of these crashes and increasing the incidence of drivers yielding right-of-way to pedestrians would increase both safety and the overall experience of walking.
One inexpensive device to increase yielding rates on multilane roads is the use of pairs of rectangular yellow LED beacons that employ a stutter flash pattern similar to that used on emergency vehicles. This study evaluated the efficiency of the rectangular rapid-flash LED flash beacons.
The objective of the research effort was to evaluate whether RRFBs could increase driver yielding to pedestrians on high-volume, multilane crosswalks. Researchers selected three cities in the United States, with typically low percentages of drivers who yield to pedestrians: St. Petersburg, FL; Washington, DC; and Mundelein, IL. The research team also wanted to determine the optimum way to install the device. Because the RRFB is side mounted, researchers compared mounting the beacons on only the side of the road as well as mounting them on the side of the road plus in the median or refuge island to increase visibility in all traffic lanes.
The purpose of this project is to measure the driver's yield-to-pedestrian response to new regulatory signs placed at the South West Recreation Center crosswalk on Hull Road. This report addresses the base crosswalk yielding conditions before the future placement of improved traffic control devices. These measurements consist of a series of yield counts conducted from February 22 to March 3, 2011 during peak pedestrian activity (3:30 to 6:45pm).
TAPCO's BlinkerSign® conform to the Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) most recent Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (2009 MUTCD Section 2A.07 Retroreflectivity and Illumination)
The STOP/SLOW paddle may be modified to improve visibility by incorporating either white or red flashing lights on the STOP face, and either white or yellow flashing lights on the SLOW face (Section 6E.03 Hand-Signaling Devices).
* Call 1-800-236-0112 for individual state or province approvals
TAPCO's Solar LED Division is dedicated to innovative, green solutions that make travel safer for all road users: vehicular, pedestrians and pedalcyclists alike. If you need a custom solution please contact our team of flashing LED sign product specialists, we'll gladly discuss the possibilities with you.
TAPCO's pedestrian activated RRFB systems have produced 80% to 90% driver compliance in yielding to pedestrians at high-risk uncontrolled crossings. When activated, the LED arrays flash an FHWA specified, alternating 'wig-wag' pattern. Side-mounted LED arrays flash concurrently to advise pedestrians that the units are flashing. This is the highest yielding rate of all devices not featuring a red display, and up to 4 times greater than standard round beacons. RRFBs cost less than other devices with similar vehicular yield rates.
TAPCO's Dynamic Curve Warning Systems, or DCWS. These DCWS feature TAPCO's flashing LED BlinkerSign®, which are solar-powered traffic signs enhanced with brilliant LEDs. The BlinkerSign® provide advanced warning of and guidance through the curve, and are ITS-compatible.
Emergency Vehicles departing Fire Houses, Hospitals, Medical Clinics and other locations inevitably experience conflicts with other vehicles approaching the facility. Traffic & Parking Control Company's Emergency Vehicle Egress Warning Systems are designed to enhance traffic safety by reducing vehicle conflicts.